Sound Storm

The Evidence

Research documenting the development and evaluation of Sound Storm (previously known as the LiSN & Learn Auditory Training Software) has been published in peer-reviewed journals and textbooks.

References for articles on the LiSN & LEARN (Sound Storm) Auditory Training Software  

  1. Cameron, S., Glyde, H, Dillon, H., King, A., & Gillies, K. (2015). Results from a national central auditory processing disorder service: A "real world" assessment of diagnostic practices and remediation for CAPD. Seminars in Hearing, 36 (4), 216-236.  

This article describes the development and evaluation of a national service to diagnose and remediate central auditory processing disorder (CAPD). In the study, 408 individuals who were diagnosed with a Spatial Processing Disorder, a verbal memory deficit, or a binaural integration deficit, undertook deficit-specific training (LiSN & Learn or Memory Booster) and/or were fitted with a frequency modulation system. Group analyses reveal significant improvements post-remediation for all training/management options.

  1. Lo, C., Dillon, H., Cameron, S., & McMahon, C. (2015). Evaluation of headphone effects on performance in LiSN & Learn auditory training software. ANU undergraduate research journal, 6, 147-159.

LiSN & Learn is an auditory training software designed to remediate Spatial Processing Disorder. In its current form, it can only be administered with a specific type of headphone (Sennheiser HD 215). This study evaluated the effect that various (7) headphones had on spatial processing ability in LiSN & Learn, with the aim of allowing for flexibility of choice, and increased access to the program. The results indicated the effect of the headphone was relatively minor, and performance in spatial processing had a strong correlation with the ability of the headphone to reproduce high frequencies. As such, it is recommended that any commercially available headphone with a high-frequency response broadly similar to a Sennheiser HD 215 is suitable for use with LiSN & Learn.

  1. Cameron, S., Glyde, H., Dillon, H., Kanthan, S., & Kania, A. (2014). Prevalence and remediation of Spatial Processing Disorder (SPD) in Indigenous children in regional Australia. International Journal of Audiology, 53, 326-335.  

This study aimed to determine the prevalence of Spatial Processing Disorder in the Indigenous Australian population and the benefit of and logistical issues arising from remediation of the disorder. It concluded that there is a high prevalence of Spatial Processing Disorder in the Indigenous Australian population. LiSN & Learn training is effective in remediating Spatial Processing Disorder in this population and is considered a beneficial intervention by teachers, however improvement in spatial processing is dependent on training program uptake.

  1. Cameron, S., & Dillon, H. (2013). Remediation of spatial processing issues in central auditory processing disorder. In G. D. Chermak & Frank E. Musiek (Eds.) Handbook of Central Auditory Processing Disorder. Comprehensive Intervention (Vol. II, pp. 201-224). San Diego, CA: Plural Publishing.

This book chapter discusses how spatial processing assists in communication and the underlying mechanisms involved. It also discusses how deficits in spatial processing ability impact listeners, particularly children, who despite normal hearing thresholds and cognitive ability, have difficulty understanding speech in the classroom when background noise is present.

  1. Cameron, S., Glyde, H. & Dillon, H. (2012). Efficacy of the LiSN & Learn auditory training software: Randomized blinded controlled study. Audiology Research, 2:e15.

This blinded controlled study investigated whether improvements in spatial processing ability are specific to the LiSN & Learn training program. 10 children who were diagnosed with Spatial Processing Disorder were randomly allocated to train with either the LiSN & Learn program or another auditory training program - Earobics - for approximately 15 min per day for 12 weeks. Results showed that the LiSN & Learn training improved binaural processing ability in children with Spatial Processing Disorder, enhancing their ability to understand speech in noise. Exposure to the non-spatialised auditory training (Earobics) did not produce similar outcomes, emphasizing the importance of deficit-specific remediation.

  1. Cameron, S., & Dillon, H. (2011). Development and Evaluation of the LiSN & Learn Auditory Training Software for Deficit-Specific Remediation of Binaural Processing Deficits in Children: Preliminary Findings. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 22(10), 678-696.  

The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate the LiSN & Learn auditory training software for children diagnosed with the Listening in Spatialized Noise-Sentences Test (LiSN-S) as having a Spatial Processing Disorder. Nine children who performed outside the normal limits on the LiSN-S trained on the LiSN & Learn for 15 min per day for 12 weeks, and were then retested with the LiSN-S. On average, speech reception thresholds on the LiSN & Learn improved by 10 dB over the course of training. There were also improvements in binaural processing ability, memory, attention and listening ability. The study also concluded that children as young as 6 years of age were able to complete the training.

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